Prostate Cancer – Symptoms and Management

Prostate Cancer – Symptoms and Management

The prostate is a tiny gland that produces seminal fluids to support the sperm. Prostate cancer occurs when the cells in this gland become abnormal and multiply, forming a tumor. It is one of the most common cancers in men but can be successfully treated if detected early. Although what causes prostate cancer is unclear, experts agree that it results from specific changes in the glandular cells. Read on to learn more about the condition.

What are the warning signs of prostate cancer?
The common signs and symptoms of prostate cancer include trouble urinating, decreased force in the stream of urine, frequent urge to urinate, painful urination or ejaculation, blood in the urine or semen, and erectile dysfunction. Bone pain and pain in the back, hips, or pelvis are also common indicators.

How is the condition treated?
Treatment for prostate cancer depends on the disease’s stage, Gleason score, and PSA levels. Based on these factors, healthcare practitioners may recommend one or more of the following:

Surgery
Depending on the location and size of the tumor, a procedure called radical prostatectomy may be recommended to remove the prostate gland. Sometimes, the surrounding tissue, seminal vessels, and nearby lymph nodes may also be removed.

Radiation therapy
This therapy is used to kill cancer cells and prevent them from growing. It has two types: internal (also called brachytherapy) and external.

Hormonal treatment
In some cases, doctors may recommend hormone therapy, which blocks the growth of androgens in the body. Androgens (testosterone and dihydrotestosterone) are necessary hormones for prostate cancer to grow. Inhibiting their production can slow down the disease’s spread.

Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy may be recommended to kill cancer cells around the affected site. However, it may also kill healthy cells, causing weakness, fatigue, and other symptoms.

Targeted therapy
Targeted therapies use treatments that identify and attack specific cancer cells. It is generally recommended for those dealing with an advanced stage of cancer.

Immunotherapy
Here, experts fortify the immune system’s strength to fight cancer cells.

What to eat with prostate cancer?
Those dealing with cancer are advised to follow a healthy nutrition plan. Some foods that may help manage prostate cancer are:

Tomatoes
Lycopene is a powerful antioxidant found in cooked tomatoes that may help slow the growth rate of prostate tumors.

Pomegranate juice
Pomegranates, also rich in antioxidants, have been associated with a reduced risk of cancer cell growth in mice. Some researchers think it may have similar effects on humans.

Green tea
Green tea is a rich source of polyphenols, which may help slow the growth rate of cancer tumors.

Fruits and vegetables
Veggies like broccoli, cauliflower, kale, and bok choy and fruits like oranges, berries, cherries, plums, grapes, and prunes are loaded with minerals and vitamins that boost immunity.

Whole grains
Carbohydrates provide an energy boost and keep individuals full for longer. Wheat, whole rolled oats, quinoa, and brown rice are the best carb sources.

Besides eating the right foods, patients can practice home remedies to manage prostate cancer symptoms. Mind-body practices like yoga and meditation can help relieve fatigue associated with cancer treatments. They may also have positive mental health benefits, such as reduced anxiety, fear, or depression—conditions often linked with cancer diagnosis and treatment.

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