Gastric cancer – Signs, Causes, and Management Options

Gastric cancer – Signs, Causes, and Management Options

Stomach cancer, also commonly known as gastric cancer, is a health condition affecting approximately 1 million people each year. The disease originates in the lining of the stomach, where the cancer-causing cells multiply aggressively. The treatment for gastric cancer depends on the stage and the location to which the cancer has spread. It is important to consult a doctor and stay in touch with them for the duration of the treatment.

Gastric cancer signs and symptoms
The early stages of gastric cancer are mostly symptomless. However, as the condition progresses, the symptoms gradually start showing. The commonly presented signs in patients include:

  • Abdominal pain and discomfort
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Bloating and feeling full after eating small amounts of food
  • Unexplained loss of body mass
  • Difficulty swallowing or feeling like food is getting stuck in the throat
  • Blood in stool or vomit
  • Fatigue or weakness

Causes of gastric cancer
The exact cause of gastric cancer is not yet known. However, a few risk factors can increase a person’s likelihood of developing the condition.

  • Age
    Gastric cancer is a more common occurrence in people aged 50 years or above. However, there are some rare cases seen in younger patients.
  • Gender
    This type of cancer is more common in men as compared to women.
  • Family history
    If the patient has a family history of gastric cancer, it puts them at a higher risk of developing the disease themselves.
  • Eating habits
    A low intake of fruits and vegetables and a high frequency of salted, pickled, or smoked food intake can put a person at a higher risk of developing gastric cancer.
  • H. pylori infection
    Helicobacter pylori is a type of bacteria that infects the lining of the stomach, putting people at an increased risk of developing gastric cancer.

Foods that help with gastric cancer
Certain foods can help reduce the risk of developing gastric cancer or alleviate the symptoms in affected people.

  • Whole grains
    Whole grains are associated with decreased risk of developing gastric cancer. Whole grains are nutritious and rich in fiber content, making them beneficial for maintaining overall health.
  • Garlic
    Garlic has allicin, a compound shown to have anti-cancer properties. Some studies suggest that there is a reduced risk of cancer with a regular intake of garlic.
  • Ginger
    Ginger has long been used as a natural remedy against multiple health concerns. It acts as a digestive aid and provides relief from nausea and vomiting. Ginger is also considered to have anti-cancer properties.
  • Mushroom
    Certain types of mushrooms contain compounds that have been proven to be anti-carcinogenic. Regular intake of these mushrooms might help reduce the risk of gastric cancer.

Gastric cancer treatments and remedies
Depending on the location and stage of the cancer, several treatment options are available to prevent the progression of the condition.

  • Primary treatment options
    Treatment options for gastric cancer include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. These might be used in combination with each other or on their own.
  • Mind-body therapies
    Yoga, meditation, and tai chi might help reduce stress and improve the quality of life for people with gastric cancer.

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